Eto, the youngest member inside the Abbey
Eto died of health related problems a year later. I donated this picture, which is the only one his family had of him, to them and the tribe in 2009.
The Warrior Society and AIM were serious about holding onto the Abbey.
Endless rounds of cards were played to pass the time.
American Insurgency - Menominee Abbey 1975
Standing Guard in sub zero temperatures
Standing guard on the abbey roof. It was not to guard against the National Guard, but the local Indian haters who would drive their snowmobiles through the woods and shoot at the building. The Guard seemed to have no ability to stop them.
Menominee Guard on roof of abbey.
Memominee Guard on roof of Abbey
The National Guard line was in the trees on the horizon.
Mike Sturdevant, seated center, with National Guard leader Col. Hugh Simonson and John Waubanascum standing behind Mike. John was killed by police some months after the Abbey standoff ended. Buddy Chevalier is seated to John's right, with sunglasses on.
Dennis Banks & Memominee Leaders at Press Conference
Menominee Warrior Society Leaders discuss terms for ending the standoff. From L-R Buddy Chevalier, John Waubanascum, Mike Sturdevant, Unknown, Neil Hopatos.
First Press Conference inside the Abbey. Mike Sturdevant, the leader of the Menominee Warrior Society, discusses conditions for ending the standoff.
Menominee Leadership Team at Press Conference
Dennis Banks AIM leadership team at Press Conference
Col. Hugh Simonson of the National Guard negotiates to end the standoff.
It was not all seriousness. Music and drumming happened during the 30 day siege.
Mike Sturdevant, leader of the Memominee Warrior Society.
American Insurgency - Menominee Abbey Guard 1975
American Insurgency - Menominee Abbey Wisconson 1975
Marlin Brando - The Novitiate - 1976